The archaeological complex, which was developed starting from the Roman to medieval times, was discovered in 1989 during the works on the street network.
The excavation, conducted by the Superintendence for Archaeological Heritage of the Emilia Romagna region in collaboration with the Municipal Museums of Rimini, has brought to light one of the houses of the second half of the second century AD, built in an area already inhabited in the Republican time, not far away from the port of Ariminum.
Prestigious well-preserved mosaics and colorful frescoes are depicted in this residence for private and professional use. Amongst the areas of representation, stands out the “triclinium” decorated with a mosaic of a large vase and, on the walls, frescoed ceilings and an elegant glass panel depicting fish on the seabed, elaborate decorations which have been almost perfectly preserved and offer an astonishing feel of what a real Roman house looked and felt like. In order to maintain that sense of authenticity and because the house was in such a good condition, the Municipalities of Rimini decided to raise a museum on the spot, protecting this important archeological site and also allowing tourists to visit the domus, right where it was found.
In the room with the elegant Orpheus mosaic there was findings of a rich surgical kit with mortars for the preparation of drugs, testimony to the medical activity performed by the owner, resulting in the name- Surgeon’s House.
The domus, which used to spread on two floors, was destroyed by a fire in the second half of the third century, under the assaults of the first barbarian hordes.
Between the V and VI century on the ruins of the front, grew a residence with mosaics in geometric patterns. The technique of heating visible in some rooms denotes the prestige of the building (“palazzo”) and, accordingly, the nature of its latter owners. Once you have entered, among the front room you can clearly see the ruins of graves embedded in the floor.
In the seventh century, the area was occupied by a residence with poor building techniques, which left the field to an open space.
The important archaeological site is at the center of a proposed museum. The materials recovered include a vast collection of medical and surgical toolsets, proving the advance nature of medicine during those times and being part of one of the largest and well kept professional set of medical equipments found. The collection is on display in the nearby Museum of the City.